The most numerous and heterogeneous group composed the "third state". Into it, the qualified professionals, the bankers, the merchants and artisans, the servants and journeymen were included.

Among the professionals, the majority group was compound for those dedicated to the laws. Among the less numerous were those dedicated to the education. It shows the control that the clergy exercised on this activity.

The merchants formed a numerous group, being organized around the "Biggest Five Unions". Most of them had a small family store and others placed their goods for sale on some cases outdoors, such as Montera Street or in Mayor Square.

Until well entered the 19th century, it didn't exist in our city covered markets that guaranteed the control and the hygiene of the food sold. Daily shopping was made in these flea markets.

In them, greenness, the corral birds, the hunt, oils, cheeses, eggs and other foods were sold. To them, ladies came either by themselves or with their servants to choose the products arrived from the different Spanish regions and distributed for street sellers, very knowledgeables of their profession.

The most plentiful handmade activities were: the construction, the clothesmaking and the textiles shops production. The Madrilenian tailors had great fame, although the wealthiest and most presumptuous families usually were dressed up in a Parisian style, with models bought in the French capital.

Men and women used in the domestic service or assimilated tasks were abundant. They took charge of the most diverse assignments and any house should have a good number of servants.

In Madrid, during this century, there was almost nine thousand agricultural journeymen and a hundred of farmers, according to Floridablanca's census. This workers group was bigger than artisans, what provides us an idea of the type of city that Madrid was in those years.

A great number of poor, beggars and vagabonds lived in the capital. Next to the bishops and parish priests obligation of giving charity to the poor of solemnity, there are the kings' dispositions pursuing the lacies that go from city to city and that could work and to get sustenance for their family.

Although the authorities, in different occasions, published orders and decrees to expel from Madrid to whom was not Madrilenian and to remember those of the Court that waited from them or the work or the hospice, the number of poor and vagabonds was very numerous in the city.

The Madrilenians' habits changed during the century, mainly, for the influence that from France and Italy arrived.

One of the manifestations that more clearly let us see this influence was the dress, the French frock coat, the shoes with buckle, the abundant wigs and the extravagance frills substituted to the austerity of the previous century.

The French imitation arrived until the ridicule, giving origin to the "petimetre " - coming from the French "petit maitre" or "young gentleman" -, peculiar character vituperated by the popular layers.

The "petimetres" (male) and "petimetras" (female) are people only busy in their own personal appearance, the gestures that they should use, the language to use, etc.

They take care in the way of walking, of greeting, of being introduced, but mainly their dress, their hairstyle, their frills... The "petimetre" is the opposed to the "majo", masculinity symbol, of the audacity and of the courage, even of the vulgarity.

The "majos" wardrobe was the hat of wide wing and a cape that fell him until the feet, with which used to muffle and to cover, almost completely, his face. Against this attire the Esquilache's decree goes.

Among the "majas" was frequent the back comb and the mantilla, a very adjusted corset that stood out the figure, generally with abundant neckline, wide skirt until the floor and low shoes.

It was known that many "majos" took hidden a knife in his strip and the "majas" a dagger in the suspender of her left leg. Insults and the street fights were frequent and they are reflected in the different theatrical forms by Moratín or by Ramón of the Cruz.

Among the recreations more appreciated by the Madrilenians can be pointed out the dance, the verbenas, the bulls and the game. These last ones were prohibited in some moments. Parties were frequent, some related with religious festivities and others with Royal House' celebrations.

The pilgrimages and the verbenas were appropriate places for the recreation of noblemen and plebeians.

To these places, some noblemen went dressed as "majos" to mix themselves with the town and to separate a little from the French influence. Some portraits by Goya show us this attire of the noblemen.

Masked balls taken place during the carnivals, allowed by the Count of Aranda, were events very popular in the Madrilenian social life. Princess María Luisa herself, the future king Charles IV's wife, looked for all type of influences so that his father-in-law, king Charles III, allowed her to go to those dances.

In 1738, a new theater was opened up, Caños of the Peral, located in the same place that today occupies the Royal Theater. This new building, was added to those of the Cruz and Príncipe to offer daily dramatic works to the Madrilenians, without forgetting that, the richest noblemen showed off to offer dramatic works to their friends or companies, in their own houses.

The social gatherings, were another form of using the time for the lazy class of our city. If we pay attention to some authors of the time, in them, the conversation topics were banalities and gossiping in its biggest part.

This habit, also arrived from France, rooted deeply in the Spanish character and it has lasted until our days.

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