Royal Palace - The Visit -
Stairs: Spacious and divided in two halfway along the ascent. Each step has been carved of a single marble block. The part of the vault is decorated with frescos by Corrado Giaquinto, that represent allegories of the greatness of the Spanish monarchy and of the church. "Triumph of the religion and the church" in the central part, and "The discoveries" and "Victory on the Moslems" to both sides.
The Halberdiers Salon : The decoration was in charge by Gianbattista Tiépolo that represented "Eneas driven by Venus to the temple of the immortality". On the tables, marble scale models and beautiful stones inside the purest Baroque style. On the walls, paintings by the Spanish school.
The Columns Salon : It owes the name to the magnificent columns. Impressive glass lamps and tapestries from the Royal Factory inspired by biblical topics. The painting of the ceiling "The Sun Birth" is by Corrado Giaquinto. To the bottom, a copy of Charles I statue carried out by Leoni and whose original is conserved in the Prado Museum.
In this room, the adhesion treaty of Spain to the European Community was signed.
The Throneroom: The fresco of the ceiling, "Glorification of the Spanish monarchy", is by Gianbattista Tiépolo and his sons Giandoménico and Lorenzo. The decoration in this room was taken in charge by Felipe Gozola. Giovanni Battista Natali, from Naples, designed the draperies and the furniture.
The four lions that there is protecting the throne are by the Italian Giuliano Finelli and were brought by Velázquez from Rome. They are some of the works that survived of the fortress fire. The throne armchairs are copies from the originals and in the upper part the effigies of kings Juan Carlos I and Sofía figure.
The walls are recovered of velvet and decorated with mirrors. The statues that symbolize to the planets are Italian and were donated to Philip IV. The four smaller represent the virtues and they are by René Frémin. The Italian lamps are from the 18th century. During the Military Easter and official banquets is being used to receive the guests.
The Gasparini Rooms: There are three rooms decorated by the Italian Mattia Gasparini, who had the collaboration of his family - her wife, took charge of the tapestries - and of an artist group of his total trust. The same ones are:
The Anteroom - With central bronze candelabrum more than two meters high and ceiling painted by Rafael Mengs with "The apotheosis of Trajano". On the walls, Spanish artists' paintings.
Charles' III Salon - It is the room where the king died. Ceiling painted by Vicente López and several paintings.
The Dressing-room - It can be affirmed that it is the Baroque and original salon in the whole palace: marble floors, walls hanged with tapestries in silk and silver and a furniture made of rose stick and bronzes. Ceiling in plaster, empire style lamps, four paintings by Goya and a French clock.
The Yellow Salon: It owes its name to the color of the tapestry that covers the walls. Urns from Sèvres and from the factory of the Good Retiro. Ceiling painted by Luis López.
The Porcelains Salon: A very small room with the ceiling and walls recovered, inside the more exhuberante Baroque, with porcelain pieces manufactured in the factory of the Good Retiro.
The decoration, ran in charge by José Gricci and the paintings by Jenaro Boltri and Juan Bautista of the Torre. Also two sculptures by Bernini. The planetary clock, on a golden atlas, is from the 19th century.
The Great Elegance Dining room: It is the result of the union, in times of Alphonse XII, of three rooms that had belonged to Isabel of Farnesio. Some columns embedded to the lateral walls indicate the place of the old walls.
Ceilings painted by Rafael Mengs, Francisco Bayeu and Antonio González Velázquez. Walls decorated with Flemish tapestries from the 16th century, coming from Brussels, with bucolic scenes. Fifteen impressive lamps are hanging from the ceiling.
In the corners and among the windows, French urns and Chinese large earthenware jars. At the moment, it is used in some occasions by the Spanish Royal Family.
The Music Salon: Located next to Elegance's Dining room. It was the place where the orchestra was placed to liven up the banquets. Some Bourbons's commemorative cabinets. In the central table, a motif used to decorate the dining room's table in elegance's banquets.
The Silver Room: Cabinets next to the walls with all kinds of silver objects and golden silver from the 18th and 19th centuries. Some services are still continued using.
The Musical Instruments Room: Without a doubt, a true treasure since shelter two violins, one viola and two celloes by Antonio Stradivarius. They are used in certain occasions.
In the center, a scale model of Isabel the Catholic's sculpture accompanied by Cardinal Mendoza and the Great Captain that there is in the Castellana Street, in front of the Natural Sciences Museum.
Right to the side, there is another room with more musical instruments, two harps, one stipo and a vertical piano. In the center a golden table.
The Crockery Room: Cabinets with pieces from Sajonia, Baccara, French and Spanish glass. Porcelains from La Cartuja, Buen Retiro, Sargadelos, etc. Also English porcelains.
The Chapel: Located in the north wing it was built between 1749 and 1757. It is not known with certainty who was its author, although it is thought that Sachetti took charge of the drawings and later Ventura Rodríguez the termination and final ornamentation.
Its oval ground plan, dome and Baroque decoration, that in certain moments respects the neoclassical norms. A high altar of marble and jasper with a bronze tabernacle and Ramón Bayeu's grandiose "San Miguel".
The dome is decorated with a "Coronation of the Virgin" by Corrado Giaquinto, author of the paintings of the four scallops that support the dome: "San Isidro Labrador", "Santa María of the Cabeza", "San Isidoro" and "San Hermenegildo". The relics collection is as interesting for themselve as for the jewels that contain them.
The María Luisa from Parma's Room: They are four small rooms used by the queen:
- Billiards room: Walnut walls and floor.
- Smokers' room: walls decorated with Chinese motifs of rococo inspiration.
- Bedroom: Pompeii style. It didn't make a lot that had been discovered the Italian city and its paintings served as inspiration for the decoration of many palaces.
- Queen room: With the walls lined with silk.
The Royal Library: It occupies nineteen rooms and the books stay in beautiful mahogany bookcases. In total, it conserves about 300.000 copies, most manuscripts and incunabular. Also engravings, drawings, maps and choir books.
The Royal Pharmacy: Located in the right side of the Parade-Ground. It has several rooms, where pots of all type and materials are exposed (ceramic and glass). Several pharmacists' portraits. At the end, the reconstruction of a pharmacy: distill, flasks, mortars, etc.
The Royal Armoury: Located to the left of the Parade-Ground, as it is coming from the Almudena. The weapons collection began with Charles I, but its true instigator was Philip II, who gathered all kinds of armament of his time, so much of his armies as of those that it defeated.
During the French occupation, the Madrilenians assaulted it to be supplied of weapons, while the French were taken those that could, among them the Francis I sword (defeated by Charles I in the battle of Pavía). Also, crossbows, armors, standards and uniforms.
The Carriages Museum: Located inside of the Royal Palace dependences. Coaches and carriages used by the Spanish kings.
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