17 - Saint Michael Church: It stand on the site of the medieval parish church of Saint Just and was built in the middle of the 18th century, in a neo-classical baroque style, by the italian architects Vitorio Raballo and Giacomo Bonavia. Its convex facade is the forerunner of the neo-classical church of Saint Francis. Inside there are paintings from the 18th and 19th centuries.

18 - Saint Xavier Small Square: Interesting remains of an old moslem moat.

19 - Green Cross Square: It is of medieval origins and witnessed activities of the Spanish Inquisition.

20 - Little Poplar Square: One of the most important parts of the moslem quarter area, a former quarter of the Madrid "moriscos" or "mudejares". The area - from the Costanilla of Saint Andrew as far as the Vistillas - preserves a street layout of moslem structure.

21 - Saint Peter Church: A medieval Madrid parish church with a 14th century mudejar tower and a 15th century structure. Today's building dates from the 17th century. The main brook called "The Drain of Saint Peter" used to have its fountains at his feet.

22 - Paja Square: This is the very centre of the moslem quarter area. It used to hold the most important moslem market in Madrid. In christian medieval times, it used to be the living quarter for Madrid nobility. Vargas and Lasso of Castile had their palaces on this square.

23 - Carros Square: A medieval square built in relation to the Moorish Gate, a gate in the 12th century christian wall, which was closely connected with the commercial functions of the Straw Square.

24 - Bishop Chapel: One of the important religious constructions of the first half of the 16th century in Madrid. With its gothic structure and plateresque decoration, it was the first "semi-official" burial place of Saint Isidro, the patron saint of Madrid.

25 - Saint Andrew Church: An old medieval parish church in the cemetery of which Saint Isidro's remains were found. It was rebuilt in the 17th century, when Saint Isidro's chapel was added.

26 - Saint Isidro Chapel: One of the best examples of religious baroque in the austrian part of Madrid. It was Saint Isidro's first burial place after he was canonized, in 1622. It was built in the first half of the 17th century by Pedro Torre, Jose Villarreal and Juan Lobera.

27 - The Low Digging: The old moat of the 12th century wall, where old taverns abounded from the 18th century, few of which have survived to our days, among them the Saint Peter Shelter (today the Segovian Meson), the Dragon Shelter and the Gold Lyon Shelter.

28 - Saint Isidro Cathedral: It was the cathedral of Madrid. Inspired by italian models, it was built in the first half of the 17th century by Brother Bautista, next to the Imperial College of the Austrians (owners of the church), the most important teaching institution in 17th century Madrid. Today - since 1768, in fact - it is the resting place for the remains of the patron saints of Madrid.

29 - Closed Gate Square: It used to be the site of the gate of the same name, which belonged to the 12th century wall.

30 - Cutlers Arch: A moat of the 12th century wall. The houses which stand beyond, in the direction of Mayor Street, are the retaining walls of the earth on which the Mayor Square was built. This explains its design in the shape of an inverted parabola.

31 - Mayor Square: It is the first important urban complex of the times of the Austrians in Madrid. It occupies the site of the medieval Arrabal Square and was built by Juan Gomez Mora, in the first years of the 17th century, during the reign of Philip III. A square for the court and commerce, has been the great stage of Madrid since the very beginning.

32 - The Court Prison: It is one of the best examples of Madrid civil architecture, during the times of the Austrians. It was built by Juan Gomez Mora in the middle of the 17th century. Inside there are two splendid identical inner courts which are the best examples of the post-Herrera style. Today, this building is the Ministry of Foreign Matters.



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